To view the full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, click here. If the agreement persists decades later, it is no longer at the forefront of Canadian politics.  It was replaced in 1994 by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Jean Chrétien`s Liberals were elected in the 1993 election, in part with a promise to renegotiate important work and environmental elements of NAFTA. Indeed, an agreement was reached with Bill Clinton`s Democrats, which created separate secondary activities in order to dispel these two concerns. As stated in the agreement, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement were: others feared that free trade would have negative effects, feared capital flight and job insecurity due to international outsourcing, and also that closer economic relations with the southern giant risked an erosion of Canadian sovereignty. Opponents included Mel Watkins of the University of Toronto and David Crane of the Toronto Star, one of Canada`s leading newspapers. The Liberal Party of Canada has traditionally supported free trade.  Free trade in natural products was a central theme of the 1911 Canadian legislative election. The Conservative Party ran an election campaign with anti-American rhetoric, and the Liberals lost the election. The issue of free trade did not reach this level of national celebrity in Canada for many decades. Over the next two decades, a number of academic economists studied the impact of a free trade agreement between the two countries.
Several of them – Ronald Wonnacott and Paul Wonnacott, Richard G. Harris and David Cox – concluded that Canadian real GDP would increase significantly if U.S. and Canadian tariffs and other trade barriers were eliminated and that Canadian industry could therefore produce more widely and efficiently. Other economists on the free trade side were John Whalley of the University of Western Ontario and Richard Lipsey of the C.D. Howe Institute.  After the signing of the act of judgment, the Canadian government considered proposing free trade agreements in other economic sectors. However, the U.S. government was less sensitive to this idea and did want to end some of the pact`s guarantees. Canadian attention has focused on the issue of a broader free trade agreement between the two countries.  U.S. President Ronald Reagan welcomed the Canadian initiative and the U.S. Congress gave the President the authority to sign a free trade agreement with Canada, subject to preliminary consideration by Congress until October 5, 1987.
In May 1986, Canadian and U.S. negotiators began working on a trade agreement. The Canadian team was led by former Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Simon Reisman and the U.S. side by Peter O. Murphy, former U.S. Trade Assistant in Geneva. During the negotiations, Canada retained the right to protect its cultural industries and sectors such as education and health. In addition, some resources, such as water, should be removed from the agreement. Canadians have failed to win free competition for U.S. government procurement.
Canadian negotiators also insisted that a dispute settlement mechanism be included.  The debate in Canada over the implementation of the negotiated agreement has been highly controversial. Canada`s opposition Liberal Party, led by John Turner, strongly opposed the deal, saying it would “tear it apart” if he became prime minister. The opposition New Democratic Party, led by Ed Broadbent, also strongly opposed the deal. . . .